A-Z of Ingredients
Acetyl-l-carnitine | Acetyl-l-carnitine is central to the production of cellular energy as it triggers the breakdown of fats into fatty acids inside our fat cells. It creates activity in the cell, the fat is turned into energy and broken down without losing water, which in turn helps keep the cells healthy.
Achillea millefolium (yarrow) extract | Yarrow Extract is an extract of the whole plant and has a sweet, spicy aroma. Its therapeutic anti-inflammatory, carminative, and antiseptic properties have been used as a healing herbal remedy through the ages. It is a skin conditioning agent that helps reduce flaking in dry or damaged skin.
African potato | Also known as hypoxis, African potato is full of sterols and sterolins which are helpful in the treatment of acne, eczema and psoriasis. It helps boosts the immune system and has powerful anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.
Aloe barbadensis gel | Aloe gel contains vitamins C and E, and zinc. Its soothing, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties help with skin regeneration and wound healing.
Aloe ferox | Aloe ferox is a succulent native to southern Africa. This stemless plant has thick, full leaves with serrated edges. The leaves contain a gel with a variety of uses which include calming, soothing and hydrating sunburnt, irritated and sensitised skin. It is rich in nutritional and healing compounds and minerals, amino acids, lipids, monosaccharides, phytosterols, vitamins E, B, C & zinc. It has anti-inflammatory properties and aids in reducing scar tissue. It helps in the treatment of psoriasis, eczema, burns and facial oedema. It is a natural astringent and oxygenator (drawing and holding oxygen in the skin), stimulates cell regeneration and helps replenish lost moisture.
Almond oil | The almond oil used in our formulations is produced from sweet almonds (prunus amygdalus dulcis). Suitable for all skin types, sweet almond oil is easily absorbed and gentle. Rich in essential fatty acids, it helps ease itching and dryness and restores hydration to keep the skin soft and supple.
Alpha lipoic acid | R-Alpha Lipoic Acid (ALA) is a powerful antioxidant that is fat and water soluble, which allows it to access all parts of the cell, giving it tremendous ability to trap free radicals wherever they may be. One of the leading causes of ageing is free radical damage. It has the ability to recycle other antioxidants and is an important co-factor in the production of cellular energy.
Allantoin | Allantoin has anti-inflammatory properties and helps ease skin irritation. It helps the skin to heal faster and bind moisture more effectively. Products containing allantoin are useful for treating dry skin, sunburn, chapped lips, cold sores, nappy rash and similar skin irritations.
Anthemis nobilis (Roman chamomile) | Chamomile oil is extracted from the flowers by steam distillation and is one of the most versatile of all oils used in aromatherapy. It has a soothing and calming effect on inflammatory skin conditions and helps balance the body by aiding sleep and relaxation.
Antioxidants | Antioxidants are vitamins, minerals and enzymes that help prevent and repair cellular damage within the body and skin. They inhibit or slow down the oxidation process brought on by free radicals. They also help protect your skin cells from the damaging effects of the sun. Vitamins A, C and E are particularly beneficial in skin care as they help the body repair itself by encouraging cell and tissue growth.
Arctium lappa (burdock) root extract | Burdock root extract has anti-bacterial and soothing properties which make it beneficial for treating reactive skin prone to impurities, inflammation and congestion. It helps alleviate scaly skin conditions.
Arnica montana flower extract | Also known as leopard’s bane, wolf’s bane and mountain tobacco. Arnica montana flower extract is extracted from the flower heads of the Arnica Montana plant. It has anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties and is great for treating dry damaged skin.
Artemisia afra (African wormwood) | This soft, aromatic shrub with silvery-grey foliage is one of the most popular medicinal plants in South Africa. It is used in the treatment of colds, flu, fever, earache, headaches and malaria. It is mildly sedative and useful in relieving tension and easing stress.
Ascorbyl palmitate | Also known as Vitamin C Ester, ascorbyl palmitate is a non-acidic form of Vitamin C. It’s an effective antioxidant, encourages collagen production and helps prevent cellular ageing. It is fat soluble so is able to penetrate the skin and deliver antioxidants quicker than water soluble forms of Vitamin C.
Aspalathus linearis (green rooibos) leaf extract | Green rooibos is harvested from its natural South African mountainous habitat. It naturally contains alpha-hydroxy acid, a compound that is beneficial for maintaining healthy skin, and is rich in iron, potassium, copper, manganese, magnesium, calcium, zinc and sodium. It has fantastic antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties. It is useful in treating skin problems such as eczema, nappy rash and acne. It has a soothing effect on the skin.
Bentonite | Bentonite is natural clay derived from volcanic ash deposits. It absorbs excess oil and toxins from the skin.
Benzoic acid | Benzoic acid is mainly used as a preservative and ph adjuster in the food and cosmetic industries. It is extracted from the gum benzoin but can also be synthetically made. Due to increased consumption, natural extraction is no longer sustainable and benzoic acid is only available as a synthetic ingredient. It is a ‘nature identical’ substance – exists in nature but is synthetically produced in order to preserve nature. The synthetic and natural molecules are exactly the same. It prevents bacterial infections.
Borago officinalis (borage) seed oil | Borage seed oil is pressed from the seeds of borage flower and has the highest content of gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) of any oil. It greatly benefits dry, itchy and inflamed skin. Gamma-linolenic acid has a rejuvenating effect on the skin’s barrier function as it reduces transepidermal water loss, which helps maintain the skin’s elasticity. Borage seed oil is a calming and soothing oil with excellent astringent, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory actions.
Boswellia carteri (frankincense) oil | Frankincense has been used during meditation and as a cosmetic ingredient for centuries. Its earthy, woody aroma helps calm the body and mind. It is an effective sedative that induces feelings of peace and mental relaxation whilst relieving anxiety and stress. It beneficial to the skin as it promotes cellular regeneration and health, calms and soothes the skin and reduces the appearance of scars and stretch marks.
Butyrospermum parkii (shea butter) | Derived from the kernel (found within the nuts) of the African Shea Tree, this precious oil is comprised of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids and is a rich source of vitamins A, E and F. It helps retain moisture as well as minimises water loss by forming a barrier on the surface of the skin. It is a soothing emollient with anti-inflammatory properties that help soothe itchy, sensitive and sunburnt skin. It helps nourish dry, dehydrated skin and protects against environmental factors.
Calendula officinalis flower oil | also known as ‘pot marigold’, the calendula plant is native to the cooler climates of central, eastern and southern Europe. Calendula officinalis extract has calming, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
Canola seed oil | Canola oil contains high levels of omega-3 and omega-6 essential fatty acids, which are beneficial in moisturising the skin. It is also rich in vitamin E, an antioxidant that protects the skin from free radical damage and helps reduce inflammation.
Caprylyl glycol | Caprylyl glycol is a skin conditioning agent and humectant that has moisturising and anti-microbial properties.
Carnosine | Carnosine is a naturally occurring amino acid that has anti-oxidant and skin conditioning properties.
Cera alba (beeswax) | Beeswax is a natural wax produced in the beehive of honey bees. It is the thickening agent that helps to keep an ointment or balm from separating into its oil and liquid components. It is deeply nourishing and hydrating, serves as an excellent base for essential oils and creates a natural, protective barrier for the skin.
Ceratonia siliqua gum | Also known as locust bean, it is the ground seed of the ripe fruit of St. John’s Bread (carob). It has strong emollient properties, helps with emulsion stabilising and controlling the viscosity of formulations.
Cetearyl olivate | Cetearyl olivate is an emulsifier derived from olive oil. It has a moisturising effect on the skin by reducing water loss and improving the lipid barrier function.
Ceteareth-6 olivate | Ceteareth-6 olivate is a quickly absorbed, naturally derived oil-in-water emulsifier that gives cosmetic formulations good spreadability and provides deep hydration. The lipids in ceteareth-6 olivate are derived from olive oil and are believed to have the best compatibility with skin compared to all other natural lipids.
Citrus aurantium amara (neroli) oil | Neroli oil is extracted from the blossoms of the bitter orange tree. Used regularly as part of a skin care routine, it boosts skin health by stimulating cell regeneration and improving skin elasticity. It helps soften wrinkles and stretchmarks. Great for relieving sunburn and as a post-operative scar treatment. In aromatherapy, neroli is valued for its soothing properties – it helps relieve stress and creates a feeling of calm and restfulness. It is effective for the alleviation of digestive issues such as colitis, digestive spasms and indigestion.
Citrus aurantium dulcis (sweet orange) oil | Sweet orange oil is obtained from orange peels by cold compression. It helps nourish dry, dehydrated skin prone to dermatitis. It has antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties that calm irritated and acne-prone skin. It aids in relieving anxiety, helps in the elimination of toxins and boosts immunity. It helps relieve digestive problems like constipation and dyspepsia.
Citrus medica limonum (lemon) fruit extract | Lemon oil is a natural astringent that works well to tone the skin. It has anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties and serves as a gentle exfoliator.
Coco-glucoside | Coco glucoside is used to increase the foaming capacity of skin and hair care products and is derived from coconut and fruit sugars. It is a natural, mild and non-ionic surfactant that helps water mix with oil and dirt to be effectively be removed from the skin during cleansing. It also works as an emulsifier and conditioner.
Cocamidopropyl Betaine | Cocamidopropyl betaine is a gentle surfactant, foaming agent and emulsifier. It is derived from cocamide, from coconut, and glycine betaine, mostly from wheat or sugar beet.
Cymbopogon citratus (lemongrass) oil | Lemongrass essential oil is extracted through the process of steam distillation of dried lemongrass. It assists with focus and concentration. It is a fresh smelling oil that can be used with success for fighting jet lag, cellulite, and revitalizing a tired body and mind. Therapeutically, lemongrass oil is antiseptic, astringent and carminative.
Diaminopropionoyl Tripeptide-33 | Diaminopropionoyl Tripeptide-33 is a tetrapeptide that helps prevent photo-aging by averting the damage caused by UV radiation to DNA and proteins.
Dimethyl MEA | Dimethyl MEA is also known as DMAE or dimethyl aminoethanol. It is an anti-inflammatory and antioxidant that helps stabilise cell membranes and protect them from free radical attack. DMAE promotes the production of the chemical acetylcholine, which is responsible for creating muscle tone, and therefore helps tighten muscles to keep your skin looking smooth and firm.
Eriocephalus Africanus (Cape snowbush) oil | Cape Snowbush, also known as wild or African rosemary, is a small evergreen shrub native to the western cape of South Africa. It acts as an effective decongestant, relieving the symptoms of colds and flu and is diuretic, which helps the body rid itself from harmful toxins and excess salts. It is a sedative, relieving feelings of stress and anxiety.
Eucalyptus globulus (eucalyptus) leaf oil | Eucalyptus oil is extracted from the dried leaves of the eucalyptus through steam distillation. It is a stimulating oil with excellent antiseptic, anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. Eucalyptus oil is an effective decongestant when inhaled and is used to help relieve symptoms of colds and sinusitis.
Fucus vesiculosus extract | Fucus vesiculous is a species of brown seaweed called bladderwrack. Fucus vesiculous extract, also known as bladderwrack extract, is found in abundance on both the Atlantic and Pacific coasts from Europe to Asia. Bladderwrack has the ability to improve elasticity, is rich in vitamin B and has anti-oxidative properties. New research indicates that it is beneficial for use in skincare due to its soothing, protecting, anti-ageing and toning properties.
Fumaria officinalis extract | Fumaria officinalis extract is extracted from the flowers, leaves and stem of the fumitory plant. It is a skin conditioning agent that is believed to have antibacterial properties.
Fumaric acid | Fumaric acid is naturally occurring in plants and animals. It is produced by the skin when exposed to light. In cosmetics, it helps with stabilising the ph balance of formulations.
Glucose | In skincare, glucose functions as a natural humectant, meaning it draws moisture from the environment into the skin. It is a conditioning agent that helps keep the skin hydrated.
Glucose oxidase | Glucose oxidase is an enzyme naturally found in honey. Together with lactoperioxidase, it forms our preservative system. It is designed to maintain the integrity of our products while fighting infection and degradation.
Glycerin | Glycerin is a naturally occuring skin-identical ingredient. It is a humectant that helps balance water levels and prevent moisture loss by attracting water to the skin. It is also known as glycerine or glycerol.
Glyceryl oleate | Glyceryl oleate is derived from naturally occurring oils with high concentrations of oleic acid and is used as an emulsifier, skin conditioning agent and emollient.
Glycine soja | Also known as soybean oil, glycine soja is derived from the beans of the wild soybean plant and is rich in minerals, vitamins and protein. It has excellent antioxidant properties that help protect the skin from free radical damage. It is an effective skin conditioning agent due to it being an occlusive, which means that it is able to form a film on the skin and prevent water loss through the skin. It is also used as an emollient to help smooth and soften the skin’s texture.
Hamamelis Virginiana (witch hazel extract) | Witch hazel is obtained by distilling the bark, twigs and leaves of the hamamelis virginiana plant to produce witch hazel extract. It is known for its antioxidant, conditioning and anti-inflammatory properties. It contains high levels of tannins, which are astringents that cause tissues to constrict. It helps make pores look less obvious, removes dead skin cells and residual sebum and promotes the repair of broken skin. Its cooling effect makes it ideal for the treatment of shaving rash, sunburn and insect bites.
Hedera helix (ivy) extract | Ivy extract is an extract of the leaves and stems of the ivy, Hedera helix. Applied topically, it functions as a skin conditioning agent with antimicrobial, astringent and soothing properties.
Helianthus annuus (sunflower) seed oil | Sunflower seed oil is extracted from the seeds of the sunflower plant. It is a rich source of linoleic and oleic fatty acids and vitamin E. It is a calming, soothing oil that helps repair the skin’s barrier, prevents moisture loss, and reduces inflammation. It’s antioxidant properties help protect the skin from free radical damage.
Hypoxis hemerocallidea root extract | Also known as African wild potato, it is full of sterols and sterolins which are helpful in the treatment of acne, eczema and psoriasis. It helps boosts the immune system and has powerful anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.
Hyaluronic Acid | Hyaluronic acid is a component of the skin and is present in connective tissue throughout the body. The percentage of hyaluronic acid in the skin decreases as we age leading to loss of moisture in the skin. This decrease also affects the way in which the skin functions resulting in loss of elasticity and pliability. A synthetic, skin-identical variation is used in skincare products to help reduce inflammation, boost the skin’s natural moisture content, prevent moisture loss and assist with proper functioning of skin cells. It helps protect the skin by providing antioxidant defense against free radical attack and it works to strengthen the outer layers of the skin, resulting in a firmer, smoother, and more toned appearance.
Hydraporine (combination of lecithin, citrus pectin and lemon honey) | The citrus pectin and honey lemon create a membrane on the surface of the skin to help reduce water loss and prevent dehydration. Honey lemon has sponge-like properties which allow it to retain moisture and in combination with the lecithin, it helps improve penetration of nutrients into the skin.
Hydrogenated olive oil | Hydrogenated oils are produced when liquid oils are converted to a semi-solid or solid form at room temperature by adding hydrogen gas to them under high pressure. Hydrogenated olive oil is rich in free radical fighting antioxidants.
Juglens regia (walnut) shell powder | Walnut shell powder is a natural and biodegradable exfoliant made from the shells of walnuts. Cosmetic grade walnut shell is produced by sterilising walnut shells and grinding them into very fine particles. It is a gentle but effective abrasive. It is used in our Body Scrub to assist with exfoliation. Clients with nut allergies should avoid this product.
Kaolin | Kaolin is a pure, active type of soft clay with excellent absorptive properties. We use it in our Clay Masque as it is ideal for purifying the skin by absorbing toxins and excess oil. It effectively stimulates circulation, helping to reduce irritation and balance the skin.
Lactoperoxidase | Our preservative system is lactoperoxidase, an enzyme secreted from mammary, salivary and other mucosal glands, which functions as a natural antibacterial agent. It is designed to maintain the integrity of our products while fighting infection and degradation.
Lavendula augustifolia (lavender) oil | Lavender oil is obtained by steam distillation of the flowering tops of the herb Lavandula angustifolia. It is a calming, soothing oil with antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, balancing and toning properties. It aids in relaxing body and mind.
Linoleic acid | Unsaturated omega-6 fatty acid that offers anti-inflammatory, moisturising and healing support to skin troubled by acne, psoriasis and rosacea. Helps facilitate the penetration of other active ingredients such as antioxidants due to their ability to permeate the skin barrier.
Linolenic acid | A plant-based omega 3 fatty acid that has anti-inflammatory, skin-conditioning and cell-communicating properties. Topical application of linolenic acid works to improve wound healing and skin concerns like eczema, psoriasis and acne.
Magnesium aluminum silicate | Magnesium aluminum silicate is a naturally occurring mineral derived from clay. It has the ability to absorb and retain large amounts of water making it useful for absorbing excess moisture from cosmetic formulations. It is used as a thickening agent in cosmetic products. Due to its large molecular structure, it is unable to be absorbed by the skin.
Methyl-sulfonyl methane (MSM) | An organic compound containing sulphur that has anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and skin-healing effects. It is also known as dimethyl sulfone.
Nasturtium officinale (watercress) extract | Watercress extract is an extract of the flowers and leaves of the watercress, Nasturtium officinale. It is a natural astringent that helps refine skin and reduce congestion.
Niacinamide | Niacinamide is a derivative of niacin, also known as vitamin B3. Niacin is found in all cells, including skin cells, where it plays an important role in cellular energy production. Applied topically, it has been shown to increase ceramide and fatty free acid levels in the skin which help prevent the skin from losing water and stimulates microcirculation in the dermis. It is a potent ingredient which can help improve skin elasticity, treat uneven skin tone and reduce the signs of ageing.
Oenothera biennis (evening primrose oil) | Evening primose oil is expressed from the seeds of the oenothera biennis. It is naturally rich in gamma linoleic acid and omega 6 essential fatty acids, which make it ideal for treating dry and inflammatory skin conditions. It has a hormone balancing effect making it ideal for easing menstrual and menopausal problems.
Olea europaea (olive) fruit oil | Olive oil is extracted from the fruit of the evergreen olive tree. It is made up largely of the vitamin E rich fatty acid, oleic acid, which nourishes dry, rough skin. It’s humectant actions attract moisture to the skin and aid in the repair of sun damaged tissues. Olive oil is an excellent source of plant-based squalene, a common lipid produced by skin cells. Squalene is a natural part of sebum that lubricates the skin, prevents moisture loss and performs as an emollient and skin protector. Squalene supports the delivery of oxygen to skin cells and the removal of waste. A squalene deficiency may result in dry, dehydrated skin. Olive oil’s antioxidant benefits help repair damage to the skin.
Olea europaea (olive) fruit oil unsaponifiables | An unsaponifiable oil is the part of the oil that cannot be decomposed or broken down into an acid, alcohol or salt during fractional distillation. They are skin conditioning agents and emollients with antioxidant benefits.
Padinami® | Padinami® is a purified extract of the mineral rich brown seaweed, padina pavonica, stabilised in jojoba oil. Padina pavonica is cultivated in the sea off Malta and harvested sustainably by local divers. Glycosaminoglycans and collagen are important molecules found in the skin. They help support the dermis and are responsible for hydration and firmness. They decrease with age, resulting in a loss of tonicity and skin ageing. Padinami® helps the renewal of these molecules. It’s potent moisturising properties promote firmness and tonicity in the skin. Skin appears plumper, rejuvenated and in excellent condition to fight external aggressors.
Palmitoyl dipeptide-5 diaminobutyroyl hydroxythreonine and palmitoyl dipeptide-6 diaminohydroxybutyrate | Stimulates protein production to improve skin tonicity and firmness and improves nutrient exchange, reducing signs of premature ageing and damage.
Palmitoyl tripeptide-3 | A peptide, consisting of three amino acids, that targets cell renewal through the regeneration of collagen. Clinical studies have shown it can reduce the signs of ageing, improve skin tone and moisture levels and prevent dehydration.
Pelargonium graveolens (geranium) oil | Geranium is a perennial shrub with small pink flowers that is native to South Africa. Geranium oil has a sweet, floral aroma and is extracted from the stems and leaves through steam distillation. In aromatherapy, geranium oil is used to uplift the mood, relieve anxiety, lessen fatigue, and promote emotional wellness. It is one of the best oils for use on oily or congested skin. It has a soothing effect on sensitive skin prone to inflammatory skin conditions.
Phospholipids (bio-identical) | Phospholipids are a type of lipid (fat) consisting of glycerol, fatty acids and phosphate. They occur naturally in the skin and help keep it healthy by locking in moisture. External aggressors can strip away the top layer of phospholipids resulting in dry, dehydrated skin. Added to skincare products and applied topically, these excellent humectants are able to replace this lost protective layer. By mimicking the lipids found naturally in the skin they help repair and moisturise the skin. They are carriers that allow for quick absorption and help other ingredients penetrate the skin more effectively.
Piper Nigrum (black pepper) oil | Black pepper essential oil is steam distilled from the pepper fruit. The invigorating properties of black pepper make it a wonderful massage medium for stimulating circulation, assisting in the removal of toxins and combating muscle fatigue. It provides relief from rheumatism and arthritis, especially during colder months when symptoms are most aggravated. It helps alleviate cold and flu symptoms, assists with levels of alertness while refreshing and focusing the mind.
Plumeria alba (frangipani) oil | Frangipani essential oil is extracted from the flowers of the plumeria plant. For centuries the ancient Indians believed the plumeria to be the ‘Tree of Life’ due to its healing powers. The oil has a sweet, floral aroma which has a rejuvenating and refreshing effect on the body and mind. Its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties make it a highly regarded oil for use on the skin and hair. It is easily absorbed and helps revitalise and moisturise dry skin.
Pinus palustris (pine) oil | Pine oil is extracted through steam distillation of the twigs and needles of the pine tree. It is a natural analgesic and anti-inflammatory agent. Therapeutically pine oil is used to relieve muscular aches and pains, support the respiratory system and reduce stress related conditions.
Prunus amygdalus dulcis (sweet almond) oil | Sweet almond oil is extracted from the dried kernels of sweet almonds and contains many nutrients including calcium, magnesium, phosphorous, and vitamins E, B9 and B12. It is a mild, easily absorbed oil that is rich in essential fatty acids with the ability to retain moisture and prevent trans epidermal water loss. It creates a light occlusive protective film for the skin and its emollient properties have been shown to benefit dry and chapped skin. Its anti-inflammatory action helps soothe skin irritation and relieves itchiness and inflammation.
Prunus armeniaca (apricot kernel) oil | This light oil is easily absorbed into the epidermis and works well as a base oil for essential oils. It is rich in vitamins A, B and E and fatty acids which makes it an excellent choice for devitalised, dry, mature and sensitive skin.
Retinyl palmitate | Retinyl palmitate is the ester of retinol and palmitic acid and is also known as vitamin A palmitate. It is considered an effective exfoliator. When applied to the skin, specialised cells within the skin convert it into retinol (vitamin A), and then into retinoic acid. Retonoic acid encourages cell regeneration to help reduce the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles and ageing skin.
Rosa damascena flower oil | This powerful oil is known for its healing, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties. It has the ability to retain moisture and possesses balancing aromatherepeutic properties, assisting in hormonal disruptions and promoting inner relaxation.
Rosa rubiginosa seed oil | Rosehip seed oil is an excellent source of vitamin A and C. Vitamin C helps reduce the appearance of dark spots, age spots and hyperpigmentation. Rosehip seed oil works particularly well on dry skin as it's a powerful emollient and moisturiser. It penetrates the skin easily and has antioxidant, diuretic and astringent properties. It is a natural exfoliant that has the ability to boost skin regeneration and elasticity.
Rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary) leaf extract | Rosemary leaf extract is produced from the leaves of the rosemary plant, a woody, perennial herb with fragrant, evergreen needle-like leaves and white, pink, purple, or blue flowers. Rosemary leaf extract has antimicrobial, antioxidant and skin conditioning properties. It is an occlusive agent, meaning it increases moisture levels in the skin by creating a thin film over the skin to prevent against epidermal water loss.
Rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary) | Rosemary essential oil is distilled from the flowering tops of the rosemary plant, a woody, perennial herb with fragrant, evergreen needle-like leaves and white, pink, purple, or blue flowers. An invigorating oil with excellent astringent properties, it helps remove excess oil from the skin and hair without causing dryness. It stimulates circulation, bringing blood and nutrients to the surface of the skin whilst it’s anti-inflammatory actions help calm inflammation and reduce puffiness. It is antibacterial and antimicrobial which is beneficial to acne prone skin. Its antioxidant properties protect the skin from free radical attack. It is valuable for the treatment of muscular aches and fatigue.
Saccharomyces (yeast) lysate extract | Saccharomyces lysate is a yeast compound classified as a skin conditioning humectant that helps stimulate oxygen consumption and reduces irritation.
Salvia officinalis (sage) leaf extract | Sage is a small evergreen plant native to parts of Europe and the Mediterranean region. It has woody stems with greyish leaves and purple flowers. Sage leaf extract is known to have anti-microbial actions and is used as a cleansing and purifying agent. It has great antioxidant and astringent properties.
Saponaria officinalis extract | Saponaria officinalis extract is an extract of the leaves and roots of the soap wart, Saponaria officinalis, which forms a soap like lather rich in saponins. It’s cleansing, astringent, purifying and anti-inflammatory actions make it a valuable ingredient for soothing dry, irritated and sensitive skin and scalp.
Sclerocarya birrea (marula) seed oil | Called “miracle oil,” marula is extracted from the kernel of the marula fruit and is considered one of Africa’s botanical gems. Rich in antioxidants including vitamin c and e, it helps protect against free radical damage and promotes the production of collagen and elastin. It contains high levels of essential fatty acids, like omegas-6 and -9, that help keep the skin nourished and reduce redness through their anti-inflammatory properties. It is light and quickly absorbed by the skin so won’t clog your pores. It is antimicrobial and non-comedogenic, making it ideal for treating acne blemishes and scarring. It helps keep the skin hydrated by preventing trans-epidermal water loss.
Simmondsia chinensis (jojoba) seed oil | Jojoba oil is extracted from the seeds of the evergreen jojoba shrub. It is actually not an oil but rather a liquid wax. Unlike other vegetable oils, jojoba oil is closely matched to the skin’s own sebum, a waxy substance produced by our sebaceous (oil) glands. It is a light oil with excellent emollient, hydrating and anti-inflammatory properties making it ideal for acne-prone, dry and sensitive skin.
Sodium hyaluronate | Sodium hyaluronate is the salt of hyaluronic acid. Hyaluronic acid is found naturally in the dermis of the skin. The percentage of hyaluronic acid in the skin decreases as we age leading to loss of moisture in the skin. This decrease also affects the way in which the skin functions resulting in loss of elasticity and pliability. Sodium hyaluronate has the ability to penetrate and move into the deeper layers of the skin and hold onto a significant amount of water, making it an effective humectant and moisture retaining ingredient. Its moisture retaining ability causes slight swelling in the skin. This creates a subtle plumping effect, which helps the skin look moist, hydrated and supple and reduces the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
Sorbitan olivate | Sorbitan olivate is a mild surfactant and emulsifier based on olive oil and sorbitol.
Squalane | Squalane is a non-irritating oil with good moisturising properties. It is a natural component of human sebum. It is an emollient, antioxidant and immune booster. It has the capability to rapidly penetrate the skin which means it will not clog pores and its antibacterial properties may help reduce the symptoms of acne.
Tocopheryl acetate | Tocopheryl acetate is a form of vitamin E. It is the ester of acetic acid and tocopherol (vitamin E). It is a natural skin conditioning agent and antioxidant.
Theobroma cacao (cocoa) seed butter | Cocoa seed butter is the solid, edible fat extracted from the roasted seeds during the process of making cocoa or other chocolate products. It is rich in skin-healthy stearic and palmitic fatty acids. It has effective emollient properties that create a barrier on the surface of the skin to prevent moisture loss. Cocoa butter is high in antioxidants including vitamin E, which help protect the skin against sun damage and fight free radical damage.
Titanium dioxide | Titanium dioxide is a naturally occurring mineral that functions as a physical sunscreen, protecting the skin from UV rays. It is used as a colourant, whitener and thickening agent in skin care products.
Trifluoroacetyl tripeptide-2 | Trifluoroacetyl tripeptide-2 supports the production of collagen which helps increase the skin’s tonicity and reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. It helps boost the production of new cells which increase epidermal thickness and reduces the production of enzymes that damage skin structure.
Ubiquinone (Coenzyme q10) | Ubiquinone is also known as coenzyme q1o and is an antioxidant produced by the body to reduce oxidative damage to cells. It reduces with age and exposure to sun. Applied topically, it penetrates the skin easily to help reduce UV damage and assist cells in building collagen and elastin, thereby minimising the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Its anti-inflammatory action helps calm and soothe sensitive, irritated skin.
Vetiveria zizanoides (vetiver) oil | Vetiver is a perennial grass with tall stems, long rigid leaves and brownish-purple flowers. Vetiver essential oil is extracted through steam distillation of the plant’s roots. It has a strong earthy, woody and herbaceous aroma that is believed to have a deeply calming, stabilising and grounding effect. Vetiver is a good choice for unwinding, destressing, reducing restfulness and for promoting sleep. Known as a cicatrisant (cell-regenerative for skin, healing for scars), it has a healing effect on the skin and helps promote the disappearance of dark spots and scars. It’s anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties have a soothing effect on skin prone to inflammation and breakouts. It’s ability to hold onto moisture works to hydrate, soothe and nourish dry and cracked skin.
Vitis vinifera (grape) seed oil | Grape seed oil is expressed from the seeds of grapes after the juice has been harvested. Rich in vitamins, minerals and antioxidants, it helps strengthen collagen and maintain elastin. High in the omega-6 essential fatty acid linoleic acid, it is a light oil that penetrates the skin layers easily and is used for its toning and astringent properties.
Xanthan gum | Xanthan gum is a polysaccharide derived from sucrose or glucose and is used as a thickening agent and to stabilise emulsions.